Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) – which is referred to as obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea – is a sleep disorder that involves a significant decrease or decrease in airflow with respiratory effort. This is the most common type of sleep disorder and repeated episodes of the upper airway that collapse during sleep. This episode is associated with repeated desaturation and oxyhemoglobin arousal from sleep. OSA which is associated with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, also known as sleep apnea syndrome.
Sleep apnea affect people on every ages and the statistics shows that almost 80 percent people got OSA areoverweigt. Other factor are having a narrow airway, chronic nasal congestion and high blood pressure. In fact, The Kelowna sleep clinic sees about sleep apnea 15000 patients every year which a half of them indicated as sleep apnea.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Diagnosis
Knowing about Obstructive Sleep Apnea Diagnosis is important for your health. Usually, to diagnose your condition, the doctor can evaluate it based on signs and symptoms, examinations, and tests. Your doctor can refer to a sleep center specialist for further evaluation.
You can continue with a physical examination, usually the doctor will examine the back of your throat to make sure there are no additional abnormalities. The doctor will measure the neck and waist circumference and check blood pressure.
Get used to check regularly with your doctor to evaluate and monitor your breathing and other body functions when you are asleep. Tests to detect obstructive sleep apnea including Polysomnography. So far, you are connected with a variety of devices to monitor your heart rate, brain and lungs, arm and leg movements, breathing patterns, and blood oxygen levels when you fall asleep. You may have a full overnight study, which is monitored throughout the night, or a night sleep study.
You will be monitored during the first half of the night. If you are diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, staff will wake you up and give you continuous positive airway pressure for the second half of the night.
This test will help doctor to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea and adjust the positive airway pressure therapy, if appropriate. This study can also help eliminate other sleep disorders, such as periodic limb movements or narcolepsy, which can also cause excessive daytime sleepiness, but requires different treatments.
Sleep apnea test at home. Under certain conditions, doctors usually ask your home version of polysomnography to diagnose the problem of Sleep Apnea obstructive. These tests involve air flow, breathing patterns, and oxygen levels, as well as changes in limb movements and snoring.Your doctor can also refer to your ear, nose and throat doctor to get rid of anatomic blockages in your nose or throat.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment
For doing sleep apnea treatment, your doctor will ask you to change lifestyle in the cases of obstructive sleep apnea such as to lose weight if you are overweight, exercise regularly, drink enough alcohol. At least, don’t drink a few hours before going to bed. You also must quit smoking, use nasal decongestants for allergies and don’t sleep on your back.
If these steps do not improve the quality of your sleep or your apnea is moderate to severe, your doctor can recommend other treatments. Certain devices can help open a blocked airway. In other cases, surgery may be needed.
Positive airway pressure. If you suffer from obstructive sleep apnea, you may benefit from positive airway pressure. In this treatment, the machine puts air pressure through your nose and mouth while you sleep.
Positive airway pressure reduces the number of respiratory events that reduce sleep and improve your quality of life. With this treatment, the water pressure is continuous, constant and more than the surrounding water, which is enough to keep your upper airways open.
Although CPAP is the most successful method consistently for treating obstructive sleep apnea, some people find masks that are complicated, uncomfortable or difficult. However, newer machines are not too noisy from older machines.
Also, with some practice, most people can adjust comfort and safety. You might need to try different types to find the right mask. Some options are available, such as nose masks, nose pillows, or face masks.
If you experience special difficulties to withstand pressure, some machines have a special adaptive pressure function to increase comfort. You can also use air humidifier along with your CPAP system.
CPAP can be in the form of continuous pressure (pressure) or varying pressure (autotitrating). In fixed CPAP, the pressure remains constant. In autotitrating CPAP, the pressure level is adjusted if the device feels an increase in airway resistance.
The positive impact of airway pressure (BIPAP) is that there is a positive airway pressure that produces pressure if you have a different pressure compilation of breathing. CPAP is more commonly used because it is more widely studied and has been proven effective for restoring sleep apnea.
Don’t stop using a positive airway pressure machine if you have a problem. Check with your doctor to see what adjustments you can do to improve comfort. Also, contact your doctor if you still snore after treatment, if you start snoring again or if your weight changes.
Funnel (oral device). Although positive airway pressure is often an effective treatment, oral equipment is an alternative for some people with mild or moderate obstructive sleep apnea. Using that device will improve your quality life.
That device which is designed to keep your throat open, will keep the airway open by prioritizing the jaw, which can sometimes relieve snoring and interfere with sleep apnea. If you want to explore this option, you need to see a dentist who is experienced in sleep. A number of devices are available. Strict follow-up is needed to ensure successful treatment.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Symptoms
You must make highlight in your life that Obstructive sleep apnea will can be potentially serious sleep disorder. This causes breathing to stop and start during sleep. Sleep apnea have some types, but the most common is obstructive sleep apnea. This type of apnea occurs when your throat relaxes and blocks your airway during sleep. A real sign of obstructive sleep apnea is snoring.
Treatment for obstructive sleep apnea is available. One treatment involves using a device that makes the airway open while you sleep. Another option is to push the jaw forward while sleeping. For detail description, take a look below other here are some signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea:
Excessive sleepiness during the day, loud snoring when you sleep, observe the episode of cessation of breathing during sleep, awakening is suddenly accompanied by gasping or choking and wake up with a dry mouth or afternoon throat. Besides, you will get morning headache, difficulty concentrating during the day, mood change experiments, such as depression or irritability. Others sign of Obstructive Sleep Apnea are high blood pressure, sweating at night and decreased libido. Many other sign and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, but at least those mentioned above are common identification.
When you feel those experience and notification, please continue to consult with your doctor as soon before increased. But excessive sleepiness during the day, which can cause you to fall asleep while working, watching television or even driving a vehicle. Many people do not consider snoring as a sign of something potentially serious, and not everyone who snores has obstructive sleep apnea.
If you experience the symptoms and signs mentioned above, make sure to contact your personal doctor immediately, especially the most common symptoms of loud snoring especially if snoring is interspersed with periods of silence. In the case of obstructive Sleep apnea, loud snoring will stop when you turn around. Talk to your doctor about your sleep problems such as fatigue, drowsiness and irritability. In addition, excessive daytime can also be caused by other disorders such as narcolepsy.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Causes
This happens when the muscles behind your throat relax. These muscles support the soft palate, a piece of triangular tissue that hangs from the soft palate (uvula), tonsils, side walls of the throat and tongue.
When you feel the muscles being relaxed and the airways narrow or close when you breathe. You cannot get enough water, which can reduce the level of oxygen in your blood. Your brain feels your inability to breathe and wake up lack of sleep so you can reopen your airway. This is enlightenment which is usually very short so you don’t remember it.
If you suddenly feel snorting, gasping or choking, the pattern can repeatedly occur up to 30 times or more in one hour, throughout the night to disrupt your ability to reach the phase of deep sleep.
Central sleep apnea
This less common form of sleep apnea occurs when your brain fails to send a signal to your breathing muscles. This means you don’t need to breathe in a short time approximately 20 times in an hours. You may wake up with shortness of breath or difficulty sleeping. After seeing any detail description of obstructive sleep apnea, please consult to your doctor as soon when you got that experience and notification about.