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Causes and Treatment of Nasal Polyps

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Nasal polyps are abnormal growths inside the sinuses. Despite the fact that polyps can grow so big, they are non-cancerous. The sinuses are supposed to be ample spaces where the air passes through during inhalation. When there is a nasal polyp growing in the lining, it could cause an obstruction especially if it grows very large.

The sufferer will have difficulty breathing with the increase of the mass. Nasal polyps are often triggered by prolonged inflammation in the sinuses. Those who have it for at least 4 weeks are at higher risk of this condition.

Nasal Polyps

Causes

Inflammation of the tissue is one of the causes, but they are also prevalent in certain medical conditions, such as asthma, chronic sinus infection, and cystic fibrosis. Besides, research suggests that genetics play a role in the formation of these soft sacs. If you have a family member that has polyps in their sinuses, the genes may be passed down to the next generation, including you.

Symptoms

Some people with polyps experience a prolonged stuffy nose. There are times when the problem disappears, but it would come back once you stop the treatment. Another common symptom is a runny nose. A runny nose is characterized by constant dripping.

Also, you might feel a sense of fullness in the sinuses. It shouldn’t necessarily be painful, but it feels like something is getting stuck inside. When the growth has become so big, it will affect your breathing. Not just that, your sense of smell will also decrease due to the blockage.

Would a nasal polyp cause a fever? A fever usually appears that an infection is present since it’s the body’s natural way to fight off an infection. If your body temperature is normal and you have no classical symptoms of a sinus infection like green discharge, then there is no need to take antibiotics.

Treatment

Nasal polyps often develop after chronic inflammation. Therefore, the goal of the treatment is to reduce inflammation with medications like corticosteroids. Corticosteroids can gradually shrink polyps that clog your sinuses. They come in oral and nasal spray forms.

You can try a nasal one first and if it doesn’t provide enough relief, you can take them by mouth. Oral corticosteroids may be powerful, but there are side effects that come with the use. Therefore, you must consult your doctor before taking this medicine. Antibiotics are also necessary if there is an infection.

Although the body has a defense mechanism against bacteria, antibiotics help clear up an infection much faster because they inhibit the growth of bacteria and kill them. Another treatment that might work is antihistamines. They are especially effective for treating allergy-related conditions. If you have a history of allergies, this medication will help a lot.

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