Understanding obstructive sleep apnea pathophysiology is great way to know more about sleep apnea. Talking about sleep apnea, it has two types will be possible suffer people, such as obstructive, central, and mixed sleep apnea. Every tips has their own symptoms and treatment. The type of sleep apnea will also signs how dangerous it is for the people who have it.
Obstructive sleep apnea is one of sleep apnea types which is commonly giving the health consequence which is adverse people significantly. This sleep disorder can be signed by the obstruction airway many times during you sleep. This proses will produce hypoxia for the result. It can be said people who are suffered this sleep disorder can get desperate because of difficulty in their sleep. They even don’t realize that they are doing bad habit during sleep such as snoring loudly, gasping, choking, and others. The effects are caused by the stopped breathing for seconds or more.
People who have obstructive sleep apnea ought to consult their health to doctor soon. Doctor will give you any choices to do treatment by therapy or surgery. If your condition is already in emergency, doctor may suggest you to do surgery. If your problem is not very dangerous, doctor may have you to do therapy. The most popular therapy which is trusted as quick treatment to treat sleep apnea is CPAP or Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. Other therapy for the replacement for CPAP is BiPAP, MAD, and ASV. Every therapy may have sides effect for your body. But, it is fine as long as you have been doing the therapy.
What Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea Pathophysiology?
Obstructive sleep apnea pathophysiology is a sleep disorder which is caused by structural element (anatomical) and nonstructural element (neuromuscular). Every elements have their proses themselves to make sleep disorder occurs in your body. Here are the explanation about it:
1. Anatomical Element
One of the most important airway element in human’s body is pharynx. This component can help human to breathe, swollen, and speak. It also connects human’s mouth and nasal cavity above larynx and esophagus. Pharynx contains soft tissue and muscles about 20. The contents let the pharynx to be collapsible and flexible. Those components in Pharynx is useful for making people easy to swollen and speak.
Pharynx has above part which is named as nasopharynx. This part contains adenoid meaning the area of limfatik which is bigger for children. It can also bigger for adult when they get infection. Big Adenoid will indicate the close airway and it causes OSA for children. All patients who have OSA will have anatomical change which makes them easy to get closed airway. In the resource says that a woman who is suffered OSA will be indicated to be easy in getting heart attack moreover if they have obesity disease, the risk will be much more dangerous.
The Neuromuscular response will make the muscle in your throat open. It can also lengthen the airway in your body to respond an obstruction. In this condition, pharynx will stay open with the dilator muscle whose duty is receiving signal from the system of central nervous.
In Neuromuscular, we recognize genioglossus muscle which become the biggest airway. It will keep the airway open due to the security for the OSA patients. It says that in this muscle, many activities increased rapidly which makes the pharynx faded. Some people may believe that this muscle is capable to solve the faded pharynx, but, in the fact, people who do this are the possible ones who will have OSA.
What Are Obstructive Sleep Apnea Symptoms?
Some of you may ask this question to more understand about it. The symptoms of OSA can be signed with the snoring loud, gasping, choking, often get the stopped breathing, difficult in sleep well at night, feel headache in the morning, get desperate or frustrated, dysfunction in erection of men, get morning sleepiness, get dry mouth after waking up in the morning, get sweated in the night, heavy to breathe, and often going to bathroom to take a leak.
What Are Obstructive Sleep Apnea Complications?
Obstructive sleep apnea complications will be faced by people who are suffered this sleep disorder are a bit complicated. They must be so dangerous so that it becomes a serious topic. The compilation includes eyes problems, daytime sleepiness and fatigue, cardiovascular problems, medications and surgery compilations, and sleep deprived partners.
People who have OSA disease may face other some problems which will disturb their activity. Those are morning headaches, feeling depression and frustration, memory problems, and so on. It was the information about obstructive sleep apnea pathophysiology, hopefully it can benefit you!