What is narcolepsy? Narcolepsy is a condition related to a sleep disorder. The character includes excessive sleepiness, paralysis in sleeping, hallucinations, and in some cases, there are cataplexy episodes (lack of muscle control). This lack of muscle control is commonly triggered by a certain strong emotion like laughter.
Narcolepsy could occur on both men and women, equally. Roughly, this condition has affected 1 in 2,000 people. The symptoms of this disorder commonly appear during childhood and adolescence. However, there are also people who experience the symptoms of narcolepsy far before they got a clinical diagnosis. This is why it is important to know anything about “what is narcolepsy”.
What is narcolepsy
Narcolepsy is a disorder in which a person quizlet
As we have mentioned earlier, this condition makes a person quizlet or very sleepy during the day. They could also fall asleep during their activity, involuntarily. It seems like there is no clear boundary between awake and asleep stage since a person can even sleep while he or she is awake.
Narcolepsy is characterized by all of the following except
Talking about narcolepsy, we cannot ignore the cataplexy condition. Cataplexy is basically a condition that refers to as the muscle paralysis. It is a condition where REM sleep occurs during the hours of awake. It is also the background of why the muscle tone could get lost very suddenly. The after effect is a slack jaw and weakness on several body parts such as trunk, legs, and arms.
As we have mentioned earlier, narcolepsy could make people experience several stages like paralysis and hallucinations as they fell asleep as well as woke up, according to the symptoms of narcolepsy. On other occasions, they could also experience disrupted sleep in nighttime and vivid nightmares.
What part of the brain is responsible for narcolepsy?
Cataplexy that becomes one of the reasons of one’s narcolepsy is caused by the loss of a certain chemical in the brain. It is called hypocretin. This chemical serves on the alerting system in the human’s brain and it keeps people awake as well as regulates the sleeping and waking up patterns. Narcolepsy makes the cluster of cells in charge of producing hypocretin got damaged or destroyed, completely. Without the presence of this chemical, a person could face trouble for staying awake which also leads to disruptions in their normal cycle of sleep and wake.
What is the difference between narcolepsy and sleep apnea?
Narcolepsy and sleep apnea are two different things even though both are representing the sleep disturbance. Both are also characterized by the excessive sleepiness in the daytime and the reduced quality when it comes to the night sleep. Narcolepsy often occurs during children and adolescence stages while sleep apnea can be found in both men and women over 40 years old of age.
Narcolepsy can also be treated by medications and therapy both behavioral and supportive types. On the other hands, sleep apnea will be cured with CPAP and surgical therapy according to its etiology. And this is the end sections of “what is narcolepsy”.