what is sleep apnea
what is sleep apnea

What Is Sleep Apnea? See the Types, Symptoms, and How to Overcome It

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What is sleep apnea? For some of you, you may still haven’t heard this disease very often. Talking about sleep apnea is literally interpreted as having difficulty breathing or stopping breathing. While in general sleep apnea itself is interpreted as a sleep disorder that makes a person experience difficulty in breathing while sleeping. Not infrequently when experiencing these problems, some sufferers feel that their sleep quality is bad because they have to wake up in the middle of the night. Please note that some people don’t even realize that they have suffered from sleep apnea disorders.

Generally, sleep apnea disorders are more common in men than women. In order not to get worse, it doesn’t hurt to know the initial symptoms. Well for those of you who still do not know about the symptoms caused by sleep apnea disorders, here are some reviews about the sleep apnea symptoms, the type of sleep apnea to how to deal with it. If you can detect it from the start, then your sleep apnea or those around you don’t get worse. It is better than you ignore it, but, in the end you will have some problems in your body. Of course, it will bother you, isn’t it?

What Is Sleep Apnea?

As already explained a little above, sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that can attack all people, both men and women. Keep in mind, the problem of sleep apnea can be said to be a quite serious problem where the respiratory process often stops suddenly during sleep. The sudden cessation of breathing can have fatal effects on the organs of the body, especially in the brain. The breathing process that stops during sleep also has an impact on a person’s sleep quality is bad because the brain cannot get oxygen as usual. Poor sleep quality can certainly make someone feel tired and lazy in the morning.

In general, sleep apnea diagnosis is divided into two types, namely obstructive and central sleep apnea sleep apnea. Note that each type of sleep apnea has different symptoms and treatment methods. Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of sleep apnea or often encountered. The main cause of this type of sleep apnea is the blockage of the respiratory tract while sleeping. Unlike the central sleep apnea type, this type is not caused by a blocked airway, but is caused by an unstable part of the respiratory control center because this unstable condition can cause the brain to fail to receive signals for muscles.

But you don’t need to be confused or worried because sleep apnea disorder can actually still be above. If traced further, sleep apnea disorders are very common. Indeed, from several cases that have occurred, generally sleep apnea is more common in men than women. Note that sleep apnea can affect patients of any age. So you really need to care about your body now! Or if you are curious whether you have this disease or not, you can do sleep apnea test.

Signs and Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

The signs and symptoms of sleep apnea include quizlet
The signs and symptoms of sleep apnea include quizlet

Having sleep apnea? Get to know the signs and symptoms before starting early so that healing is done immediately. Although it sounds a normal disease, if the condition of sleep apnea is not immediately treated immediately, the condition is not getting worse. In general, the first or most frequent sign of a sleep apnea problem is a condition of sleepiness. Although it sounds trivial, excessive snoring can have a negative impact on your body. Aside from snoring, other signs that usually arise from sleep apnea problems are breathing or gasping during sleep. Maybe for those of you who experience you will not feel the symptoms directly.

So it would be better if you immediately ask the symptoms of sleep apnea in your partner. Sleep apnea treatment should be done if you have known that you have the symptoms.

Please note that in addition to some of the above signs, other signs that are rarely felt by sufferers of sleep apnea such as poor concentration, easily tired, headache in the morning, lack of energy, frequent urination at night, increased body weight , and much more. For those of you who feel experiencing symptoms or signs that have been mentioned before, there is nothing wrong if you immediately do an examination to a doctor who is already very experienced in their field.

1. Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea is one type of sleep disorder that is often encountered. This obstructive sleep disorder occurs because the back muscles of the throat relax and the respiratory tract narrows and closes during breathing. This sleep apnea causes unwittingly reduce oxygen in the body. Usually this condition is realized by the brain and immediately wakes the patient from sleep.

2. Central Sleep Apnea

The next type is central sleep apnea. This condition of sleep apnea is a condition that occurs because the type of obstructive sleep apnea is not immediately treated. Central sleep apnea is a condition where the patient’s brain fails to send a signal to the muscle to breathe so that the condition makes the muscles unable to breathe for some time. Usually these central sleep apnea sufferers will experience shortness of breath or have difficulty sleeping. 

Risk Factors for Sleep Apnea

The next discussion is to find out several factors that can increase a person affected by sleep apnea. For obstructive types of sleep apnea there are several risks that can increase risks such as excessive body weight, having a history of tonsillitis, a history of family history of sleep apnea, stomach acid, smoking, excessive alcohol use and much more. While for central sleep apnea types some things can increase the risk of being aged or older, having a heart disorder, a history of stroke and using drugs. So for those of you who have bad habits that have been mentioned before, it will be more if you immediately change your habits from the future can disturb your health.

How to treat sleep apnea

For those of you who are currently experiencing sleep apnea problems, there is no need to worry or be confused because there are many ways you can do to treat the disorder. There are two ways you can do that is by taking medication and doing what can reduce the disturbance of sleep apnea.

1. Treatment Options for Sleep Apnea

As is known there are many ways that can be done to deal with obstructive sleep apnea problems, among others, namely using a CPAP device that serves to deliver air pressure through a mask that can when sleeping. Besides CPAP, you can also use a BIPAP device that has a function similar to a CPAP tool. But keep in mind that this BIPAP device has higher pressure when inhaling and lower pressure when sighing.

If you have been treated with CPAP and BIPAP the condition of your sleep apnea does not show a change, then you should need to do an operation so that the sleep apnea problems you experience quickly disappear. Some operations that can be done are by removing the tissue. The part of the tissue that is removed is in the position of the back of the mouth to the top of the throat. If you have tonsillitis, the tonsils will be removed. The next operation that can be done is to reposition the sufferers’ jaws. Besides, that operations can be done by creating a new channel.

2. Treatment at Home

In addition to doing other treatments, you should also take care of directly at home with a sleep apnea machine or a good lifestyle. There are some lifestyle changes that you can begin to apply so that sleep apnea disorders don’t get worse. By implementing a good lifestyle, sleep apnea that you have will be overcome little by little. Some of the lifestyles that you can apply at home are by reducing excess weight, exercising regularly, avoiding unhealthy foods and drinking alcohol and some drugs that can disrupt your body in the long run. In addition, you also need to keep the nasal passages open almost every night and also make sure to stop smoking.

By knowing the causes, signs of symptoms starting from the beginning, the risk of getting more sleep apnea will be more anticipated. In addition to routinely controlling experienced doctors, it’s a good idea to pay attention to your lifestyle every day. Be sure to avoid patterns or lifestyles that make sleep apnea disorders worse. If the condition of sleep apnea is getting worse, then you may need to do surgery so that your sleep apnea can be lost.

So, it’s just a little brief information about what is sleep apnea starts from symptoms, signs and how to treat it. For sufferers of sleep apnea, be sure to choose the type of treatment that truly suits your needs. May it be useful!